American Wisteria is a member of the Fabaceae family and is native to Florida U.S., it also occurs in the eastern half of the U.S. Like its Asian relatives, it is a vine that rambles extensively throughout the adjacent vegetation and it can eventually extend its reach many feet from the main stem. But, compared to Chinese and Japanese species, it is diminutive.
American Wisteria is a wetland plant and most common at the edge of forested wetlands where it gets partial sun – or at least some shade for part of the day. It is quite adaptable, however, and can be grown in the landscape in much drier soils and in nearly full sun.
It is deciduous and remains leafless for several months during the winter. In autumn to early spring, the compound leaves are quickly followed by many flower buds. These are produced on last year’s growth, so it is very important not to prune these plants back in winter while they are dormant.
Each flower bud is composed of many dozens of rich purple flowers. As this plant is in the bean and pea family (legumes), the flowers are distinctive and are followed by small heads of beans, each containing a few hard seeds.
Wisteria frutescens can be grown very effectively on a fence or trellis where its rambling growth can be somewhat maintained. It does not have tendrils, so it may have to be attached at first while it tries to find a place to cling to. Give it a bit of extra water during periods of extended drought and it will perform well.
HAVE GREAT ENJOYMENT FROM THIS LESS COMMON WISTERIA!